Troops from the arsenal took part in various campaigns involving the Cherokee, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes and took part in the Mexican–American War.
Following the secession of Georgia from the Union, then governor, Joseph E.
The arsenal remained in operation until 1955, at which point the decision was made to close it.
Most of the property was given to the Georgia Board of Education.
Augusta, Georgia, located in the east central section of the state, is approximately 150 miles east of Atlanta on Interstate 20.
The Savannah River serves as the boundary between Augusta and Aiken County, South Carolina. Neighboring Columbia County is home to about 100,000.
During World War I the arsenal served as a center for the repair of small arms.
Freeman Walker sold the 72 acres (29 ha) property, with the exception of one acre that contained the Walker Family Cemetery, to the United States government for ,000 in 1826.
The arsenal was moved to the new location the following year, with four large brick buildings connected by a twenty-two inch thick wall completed in 1829.
After notifying his superiors of the situation via telegraph, Elzey turned the arsenal over to the state the next day.
By summer 1861, the Confederate Chief of Ordnance, Josiah Gorgas, determined to greatly expand the arsenal around the original nucleus.